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Anahita Khodadadi

Current Student—Ph.D in Architecture

Anahita Khodadadi

anahitak@umich.edu
Specialization: Building Technology
Research interests: The computational search in architecture design, integrated design, search algorithms, geometrical processing of forms, simulating the structural behavior and environmental performance of buildings.
Advisor: Peter von Bülow
Dissertation: Programmatic Design Methods in Architecture (GA+TRIZ Solution Search Method)
Dissertation Committee: Peter von Buelow, Shanna Daly, Lars Yunghans, Mark Meier

A design activity starts with stating a problem and continues through a creative and iterative process of suggesting solutions, gathering information about the consequences and evaluating the application of such solutions, and modifying them until the design team is satisfied. In the case of a multi-objective design problem, a greater number of solutions should be explored, and the search process may be more complicated and require more time. Some computational search methods have been proposed to assist the design team at the preliminary design stage, where they are more engaged with reasoning, argumentation, and decision making. In this research, the contribution of a genetic algorithm and the Theory of Innovative Problem Solving (TRIZ) in the field of architecture design are studied. The main goal of my research is to develop a hybrid computational search method in architectural design. The method is expected to provide the benefits of evolutionary exploration techniques and TRIZ at the same time. My studies, first, address the trade-off problem while the design objectives are in contradiction with one another. Then, the need for re-running all the simulations again is highlighted when the parametric model doesn’t include the required or effective variables. Through my dissertation study, I suggest a method to predict the effective variables in a design project so that the designer can include them while setting the parametric model. Then, a method of solution exploration is introduced to find trade-off solutions in a design case with divergent objectives. This method of solution exploration is a GA based method which offers inventive solutions. The outcome of my research will be introducing the GA+TRIZ search method along with all the required codes, scripts, and components which are also compatible with the ParaGen method.

In the past two years, I have worked at the intersection of architectural design, computer science, mathematics and geometry, structural engineering and building physics. I accomplished diverse jobs such as C or C++ programming, parametric design of architectural problems, processing the configuration of some structural systems with Formex algebra and running structural, thermal and lighting simulations. Some of my achievements in my field of study have been published or presented internationally in conferences and journals.

Besides, I’m interested in exploring the history of art and architecture in Middle East, to be specific that of cultural region of Persia. I’ve studied and taught about the social influences on space design, construction technology and, additionally, emergence of building ornamentations in this particular region. My two published books present these studies.  

Publications:

  • August 2017- "GA-Based Design Exploration of a House: An Interactive Computational Approach." The International Journal of Design Management and Professional Practice 11 (3): 13-25. 
  • August 2015- “Form Exploration of Timber-based Folded Plate Domes”, International Association of Shells and Spatial Structures (IASS) Annual Symposium, Netherlands, Amsterdam, August 2015. (Collaborating with Andreas Falk and Peter von Buelow).
  • August 2015- “The Active Learning Approach in Teaching Structural Concepts to Architecture Students”, International Association of Shells and Spatial Structures (IASS) Annual Symposium, Netherlands, Amsterdam, August 2015.
  • September 2014- "Performance Based Exploration of Generative Design Solutions Using Formex Algebra", International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC), Vol. 12, Issue 3, 2014. (Co-author:  with Professor Peter von Buelow).
  • September 2014- "Design of Shading Screens Inspired by Persian Geometric Patterns: An Integrated Structural and Daylighting Performance Evaluation", International Association of Shells and Spatial Structures (IASS) Annual Symposium, Brasilia, Brazil, 2014. (First author: Niloufar Emami).
  • September 2014- "Form Exploration and GA-Based Optimization of Lattice Towers Comparing with Shukhov Water Tower", International Association of Shells and Spatial Structures (IASS) Annual Symposium, Brasilia, Brazil, 2014. (Co-author: Professor Peter von Buelow).
  • June 2014- "Dynamic Configuration Processing and Optimization of Forms (Exploring Truss-bridges)", Conference on Engineering and Applied Sciences Optimization (OPT-i), Kos Island, Greece, June 2014. (Co-author:  with Professor Peter von Buelow).
  • August 2013- “History of Iranian Architecture through 651-1219 CE” with Zohreh Bozorgmehri, Soroush Paya Pub., Tehran, Iran. The book is published in Persian; 
  • April 2011- Co-authoring “Historical Functional Ornaments (Amood) in Iran” with Zohreh Bozorgmehri, Soroush Danesh Pub., Tehran, Iran.   ) The book is published in Persian; 
  • July 2012- “Modern Lattice Domes Based on the Traditional Iranian Masonry Domes”, International Journal of Space Structures (IJSS), Vol.27, Issue.4. (Co-authors: Prof. H. Nooshin, Zohreh Bozorgmehri);
  • May 2012- “The Morphology of Historical Shell Domes in Iran”, The International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2012, Seoul, Korea; 
  • January 2012- “The Knowledge of Geometry in Architectural Education”, The 4th National Conference on Architectural Education, Tehran, Iran;

In addition to my research work, due to my personal interest in teaching, I’ve been trained as a future faculty at the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) at the University of Michigan and acquired the Graduate Teaching Certificate. This faculty preparatory program led me to study further in the area of architecture pedagogy and to publish a paper on teaching structures to architecture students as a member of Teaching Working Group of the International Association of Shells and Spatial Structures (IASS).

Awards:

  • September 2017 – Emmanuel-George Vakaló Endowed Scholarship, TCAUP, University of Michigan.
  • Summer 2016 – Vakhshoori Scholarship, Vakhshoori Foundation;
  • August 2015 – Rackham Travel Grant, Rackham Graduate School, University of Michigan;
  • May 2015 – Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning summer grand funding;
  • August 2014 – Rackham Travel Grant, Rackham Graduate School, University of Michigan;
  • May 2014 – Rackham Travel Grant, Rackham Graduate School, University of Michigan;

You are welcome to review my portfolio:
https://issuu.com/akhodadadi