LunchUP: Faculty Session
Doug Kelbaugh, "URBAN COOL, Heat, Health, Habitat in the Anthropocene"
An illustrated presentation on an upcoming book discussing the role good urbanism can uniquely play in the war against global climate change and over-population. Urban Heat Islands, which are heating up our cities roughly twice as fast as their hinterlands and the planet as a whole, can more urgently motivate people to act on strategies that simultaneously mitigate and adapt to both local and global overheating. The four antidotes are to enhance solar reflectivity (albedo) of roofs and pavements; reduce waste heat from tailpipes, chimneys and air conditioners; avoid deep, hot street canyons; and create cool micro-climates with trees and other vegetation. While urban-dwellers in the developed world have smaller per capita carbon and eco-footprints than their suburban counterparts, total carbon footprints in developing countries are decreased by the ongoing rural migration to cities, which results in a voluntary reduction in the high birth rates that have led to explosive population growth. And the world over, urbanism that is compact, walkable, bike-able, leafy and transit-served also promotes lifestyles that are healthy, happy and culturally rich, as well as diverse, creative and productive.
Rob Goodspeed, "Urban Form and Demand for New Mobility Services: Scoping an Exploratory Study"
A large body of research has related urban travel behavior—especially transportation mode choice and vehicle miles traveled—with various built environment characteristics. However, city residents are increasingly replacing travel via traditional modes (car, transit, bike, walking) with new mobility services like bike sharing, car sharing, and on-demand mobility services (like Uber and Lyft). Research linking mobility service demand with the built environment would be useful for planning purposes, however requires overcoming the challenge of limited data availability.
The presentation will solicit feedback on a proposed research design to investigate this issue, which involves leveraging existing built environment datasets and computing demand metrics from user-collected mobility service use data.
Martin Murray, "Divergent pathways for Global Urbanism at the start of 21st Century"
Despite the efforts of mainstream urban theory to treat urbanization as a linear process where ‘one-size- fits-all’ models and universalist categories provide the analytic foundations for understanding global urbanism, city building around the world seems to defy such expectations. Rather than conforming to a singular logic of urban transformation, global urbanism seems to have diverged along multiple pathways. At the risk of over- simplification, it is possible to identity four distinct trajectories of urban transformation around which city building has coalesced at the start of the 21st century. First, those tourist-entertainment cities, which have made the successful transition to the post-industrial age, represent prototypical exemplars of globalizing cities with world-class aspirations attracting the lion’s share of research and writing in conventional urban studies. In contrast, struggling post-industrial cities (sometimes called “shrinking cities”) are the "losers"; that have failed to make the make the giant leap forward into the world of culture-led redevelopment. Third, master-planned, holistically designed ‘instant cities’ have exploded in the Asia Pacific Rim, the Persian Gulf, and elsewhere. Finally, the mega-cities of hyper-growth - what we used to call "Third World Cities" – have become vast depositories of the global poor whose everyday survival depends upon irregular work and informal trade.
These sessions are a response to requests from faculty and students to learn more about what’s going on in the field in an informal environment. We hope this can inspire emergent thoughts and connections that will inform our scholarship. Lunch is included, please bring a drink.