Malcolm McCullough is professor of architecture at Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan, where he teaches architecture and media arts. McCullough is the author of four widely read books on digital design: Ambient Commons (2013) Digital Ground (2004), Abstracting Craft (1996), and Digital Design Media (1991, with William Mitchell). Prior to joining Taubman College in 2001, McCullough taught at Carnegie Mellon University, and for ten years at Harvard Graduate School of Design. As his writings are often used in design teaching, McCullough has given invited lectures in more than 15 countries. Currently he is at work on data visualization for the augmented city. His latest book, Downtime on the Microgrid, which is amid reviews and editing, finds something positive and real about smart city memes.